Christian Population in Israel Shows Scarce Growth, Falling behind Muslims and Jews

According to the latest data released by the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics on December 21, 2021, Israel is currently home to 182,000 Christians who make up 1.9% of the total population. The number of Christians registered in Israel grew by 1.4% in 2020.

The CBS says 76.7% of Christians in Israel are Palestinian Arabs, most of them living in the northern region of the country, with more than 21,000 Christians in Nazareth. The majority of non-Arab Christians live mostly in the Jaffa and Tel Aviv areas.

However, the Christian community growth rate is falling behind that of Muslims and Jews. In 2020, the average number of children under the age of seventeen in a Christian family was 1.93, which is the lowest number compared to any other part of Israeli society. The average number of children in Jewish families is 2.43 and in Muslim families 2.60.

At the same time, Christians in Israel show the highest average level of education, especially among the female part of the population.

The historical perspective shows stronger growth rates in other religious communities as compared to Christians. As of 1949, the number of Christians in the Jewish state totaled 34,000. In 1970 it grew to 75,000, in 1990 to almost 115,000, and in 2019 there were more than 180,000.

Over the same period, Israel's Muslim population grew from more than 111,000 in 1949 to over 1.6 million in 2019. The number of Jews, which was around 1.17 million in 1949, was up to 6.69 million in 2019.